If you are making a film on your own, consider how you can combine the following roles throughout the filmmaking process, and think about who can assist you when you need help.
PRE PRODUCTION: Scriptwriter, Producer, Location Scouts, Director
Producer: This person is essentially the group leader and is responsible for managing the production from start to finish. The producer develops the project from the initial idea, makes sure the script is finalized, arranges the financing and manages the production team that makes the film. The producer also coordinates the filmmaking process to ensure that everyone involved in the project is working on schedule and on budget. Without the producer at the helm, films do not get made.
Director: The director is primarily responsible for overseeing the shooting and assembly of a film. While the director might be compared to a novel’s author as a film’s primary visionary, he or she would not be able to make the film without the help of numerous other artists and technicians. In fact, the notion of the director as an author is misleading because it assumes the director, like an author, does everything. A director works at the center of film production but is inextricably linked with dozens of other people who get the job done together.
Scriptwriter: The first draft of a script is produced by a screenwriter, who may create original material or adapt existing material, such as a novel or a play. A script invariably goes through many drafts before its final version, and other writers are often brought in to assist with this process. Additional writers are sometimes known as script editors, or script doctors, and may specialize in polishing a particular element of the script, such as the dialogue. the screenwriter does far more than provide dialogue for the actors. He or she also shapes the sequence of events in a film to ensure that one scene transitions to the next so that the story will unfold logically and in an interesting way.
Casting Director: The casting director is responsible for auditioning and selecting the actors, as agreed with the director and producer, and for negotiating their contracts. Sometimes one casting director auditions major roles, while one or more local casting directors hire supporting actors for location filming. Extras casting may be performed by yet another person or agency.
The director of photography, or DP, is responsible for capturing the script on film or video. The DP must pay attention to lighting and the camera’s technical capabilities. When the director wants a shot to achieve certain visual or atmospheric qualities, the DP achieves it through his or her choice of lighting, film stock and careful manipulation of the camera. This craft is referred to as cinematography
Production Designers: Before one inch of film is shot, the production designer is the first artist to translate the script into visual form. He or she creates a series of storyboards that serve as the film’s first draft. A storyboard is a series of sketches on panels that show the visual progression of the story from one scene to the next. Creating this sketch of the film on storyboards also ensures the visual continuity of the film from start to finish. Storyboards serve as the director’s visual guide throughout the production and will be a template to follow during the editing process.
POST PRODUCTION: Editors, Advertising
Editors: Picture and Sound
Picture Editor: Shortly after shooting begins, the editor begins to organize the footage and arranges individual shots into one continuous sequence. Even in a single scene, dozens of different shots have to be chosen and assembled from hundreds of feet of film. The editor’s choices about which shots to use, and the order in which to place them, have a profound effect on the appearance of the final film.
Sound Editor / Engineer: Music has been an integral part of movies since cinema’s earliest days in the 1890s. A piano or organ player accompanied even the simplest silent films. The silent movie palaces of the 1920s were equipped with elaborate organs and orchestra pits to accommodate large groups of live musicians. Today selecting just the right music for the film will intensify the story for the audience.
Advertising: This is the final stage, where the film is released to cinemas or, occasionally, directly to consumer media or direct download from a digital media provider. The film is duplicated as required (either onto film or hard disk drives) and distributed to cinemas for exhibition (screening). Press kits, posters, and other advertising materials are published, and the film is advertised and promoted. A B-roll clip may be released to the press based on raw footage shot for a “making of” documentary, which may include making-of clips as well as on-set interviews.
Film distributors usually release a film with a launch party, a red-carpet premiere, press releases, interviews with the press, press preview screenings, and film festival screenings. Most films are also promoted with their own special website separate from those of the production company or distributor. For major films, key personnel are often contractually required to participate in promotional tours in which they appear at premieres and festivals and sit for interviews with many TV, print, and online journalists. The largest productions may require more than one promotional tour, in order to rejuvenate audience demand at each release window.
When everyone works together, the filmmaking process can be fun and simple. Using these real production team roles will make the act of creating a film all the more authentic. in the Nollywood, a lot of women are filling up these roles and it’s worthy of note that women are indeed breaking into filmmaking and creating a standard. examples are Isioma Osaji, Nora Awolowo, Mayowa Bakare, Carina Ojoko, Oluwatoyin Odukoya, Sarah Tiamuyu .